1. Venue Rental:
- Look for a place that is reasonably quiet and has an acoustic that will work well with your ensemble and also the repertoire that you are recording.
- Early mornings and very late evenings can be the best time
2. Artist Stipends:
- On average, it will take 1.5 hours to record a 3-4 minute octavo, so plan out how long you need for each piece
- Some ensembles do marathon sessions and get everything done and others do a series of 3-4 hour recording sessions
3. Recording Engineer:
- Person who does the actual recording on site
- Seattle area: Scribe records, Bill Levy, Roger Sherman
4. Editing and Mastering:
- Person who can make changes and takes out small blemishes
- Usually is the same person as the engineer, but can be different
- Write down every detail that you hear
5. Graphic Design:
- Outlay and design of CD package.
- Specific dimensions should be gotten from the manufacturer.
- Each piece on the CD needs to have a licensing agreement to be included on the CD
- Harry Fox in New York is the main clearinghouse for licensing. We have also worked with C.F. Peters for a few pieces. Other services for acquiring mechanical licenses are:
- If the piece is not listed with Harry Fox , try to contact the composer or the composer’s estate directly.
- If there is no response after a length of time, you can consider it “due diligence” and proceed with having the piece on the CD, but keep documentation that there was an effort to contact the composer.
- This company takes the mastered CD, graphic design and puts it together.
8. Physical Distribution:
- Stores the in area, distributor, setting up credit card payment
- CD Baby — a one-stop shop for many of these things. They will do physical distribution in their warehouse as well as digital set-up.
9. Digital Distribution:
- Amazon, iTunes, Spotify
- CD Baby will set this all up
- Other digital distribution companies: DistroKid, Ditto Music, Mondotunes, Tunecore, Symphonic
10. Release and Marketing:
- CD release party, promotion materials
- Setting per unit price
1. Copyright — rights to print music and/or lyrics held by the composer or publishera. Composition rights and lyrics rights may be held by different entities
2. Public performance Rights – right to perform the piece in public (not applicable to recording)
3. Mechanical license (grants right to cover, reproduce or sample specific parts of a composition, not required for original work)
– US Copyright law specifies a compulsory license for any song that has been previously recorded in the US, which gives anyone the right to cover a composition by paying the statutory rate (9.1 cents/song). You can also negotiate directly with the rightsholder for a lower rate.
– Physical (CD) and Digital rights are licensed separately
4. Recording Rights or Master Rights
– the rights to the actual recording of the song
– Your ensemble can chose to either retain all rights to the recording, or become part of the record company’s catalog.